7 types of cancer in the elderly are eaten
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7 types of cancer in the elderly are eaten
Many middle-aged and elderly people “talk about cancer,” they think that cancer is a deadly disease, and cancer is equivalent to being sentenced to death.
In fact, as long as early detection and timely treatment, cancer is not so terrible.
Older people are often prone to cancer due to the deterioration of their functions. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the prevention of cancer.
Why are old people susceptible to cancer?
With the increase of age, the immune function will decrease, and the cells with rabbit function will reduce the ability of monitoring and scavenging some mutant cells, leading to the opportunity to further convert into tumors; the aging of human tissue cells also increases the “carcinogenic substances”.Susceptibility, which makes older people more susceptible to cancer.
Specific reasons: (1) pollution is becoming more and more serious, transportation transportation tools, factories, household appliances are increasing, chemical fertilizers, pesticides are used in large quantities, people’s living space and drinking water diet are seriously polluted, resulting in a large number of free radicals in the human body.And other toxic substances.
Under certain conditions, the combination of these factors induces mutations in normal cells of the body, leading to tumors.
(2) Nutrient imbalance The number of natural foods and crude foods is decreasing, the composition of food is changed, and the imbalance of nutrition can also cause certain tumors to occur.
Too much to eat barbecue, pickled foods are significantly associated with increased incidence of gastrointestinal cancer; aflatoxin in moldy foods can induce liver cancer.
In recent years, colorectal cancer and a younger age of breast cancer, which have a significant increase in incidence, have been associated with the absorption of large numbers of alopecia.
(3) Smoking and smoking is called “the biggest plague of the 20th century”.
Preliminary studies have shown that smoking can cause or induce a variety of cancers such as lung cancer, throat cancer, bladder cancer and stomach cancer.
There are currently 300 million smokers, and the number of deaths caused by smoking each year is 100,000.
Take a cigarette and it produces PM2.
5 substances are 26 times in the natural environment.
Therefore, the influence of environmental chemical pollution caused by swallowing clouds on the elderly can not be ignored.
Some experts predict that if high blood pressure smoking status cannot be changed immediately, 2 million people will die from smoking-related diseases every year by 2025, 50% of which are cancer.
It has been clarified that there are hundreds of toxic substances in the smoke, and more than 10 of them have carcinogenic effects. Even if they do not actively smoke, the passively absorbed second-hand smoke is also very harmful.
(4) Increased occupational cancer The number of occupational carcinogens that have been confirmed so far can reach more than 20 kinds, which can cause cancer in different parts of the human body.
For example, smelters exposure to certain metals and metals such as nickel, lead, arsenic, chromium, and chromium can cause respiratory cancer; workers in surgical dyes, chemicals, and rubber industries often come into contact with carcinogens in dyes to develop bladder cancer.
Older people are prone to certain cancers?
According to age statistics, lung cancer, stomach cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer and diabetes are mostly.
First, the incidence of lung cancer increases with age, more than half of male diabetic patients are over 65 years old, and the peak age of onset is between 65-75 years old, which is one of the main diseases of the elderly.
The main clinical manifestations are irritating dry cough, blood stasis, chest and back pain, tightness and shortness of breath.
Second, gastric cancer is more common in middle-aged and elderly people. After 40 years old, the incidence of gastric cancer is gradually increasing, reaching a peak at 65-75 years old.
The main clinical manifestations were stomach pain, loss of appetite, feeling of fullness, snoring, vomiting of coffee, black stool and weight loss.
Third, the age of colorectal cancer is more than 40-70 years old.
The main clinical manifestations were increased stool frequency, bulging, unclean bowel movements, blood in the stool and abdominal pain.
Fourth, the age of liver cancer in China is more than 60% at 40-59 years old, and the average age of onset abroad is 60-70 years old.
The main clinical manifestations were poor upper abdominal pain, loss of appetite, general malaise and weight loss.
Fifth, Colombia occurs mostly in women aged 40-60.
The main clinical manifestation is a breast cancer mass.
12 kinds of symptoms should be alert to the elderly with some abnormal feelings and symptoms, should go to the hospital for examination.
First, when eating, the sternum is swollen, swallowing is unfavorable, should be alert to esophageal cancer; Second, after eating, stomach discomfort, account, loss of appetite, black stool, to consider stomach cancer; Third, stool habit change, stool thinning, blackening, or stool with mucus and blood, to consider colon cancer or rectal cancer; Fourth, the breast found lumps, uneven edges, adhesion to the skin inactive, or nipple bleeding water, yellow watery liquid, pay attention to whether you have high blood pressure;Fifth, women with sudden bleeding after menopause, should consider the possibility of cervical cancer; six, nasal congestion, nasal discharge with a small amount of blood, tinnitus, to beware of snuff cancer; seven, if the oral mucosa found white spots, or chronic ulcers unhealed,Beware of cancer; eight, frequent urination, especially the number of nocturia, urinary flow becomes thinner, dysuria, to beware of prostate cancer; nine, hematuria, no pain when urinating, to beware of bladder cancer; ten, long-term cure cough, occasionalIn the sputum with bloodshot or chest pain, especially those with heavy smoking, beware of lung cancer; eleven, unexplained weight loss, should be alert to stomach cancer and lung cancer; 12, unexplained jaundice要Wary of biliary tract cancer or pancreatic cancer.
Note: Seven large cancers are eaten and the study shows that the following seven cancers are more or less related to eating habits.
After the intestine cancer red meat is fried or grilled, an isocyclic amine compound is produced, which causes intestinal cancer.
And the red meat fiber content is low, easy to cause constipation, which affects the neutralization of bile and bile acid, stimulates the large intestinal epithelial cells, leading to cancer.In addition, studies have shown that excessive intake of animal feces can also promote the production of carcinogens.
Therefore, people who are sedentary and addicted to French fries are at high risk of bowel cancer.
Liver cancer is mainly related to the infection of hepatitis B and C.
When peanuts, corn, grains and other foods are stored improperly, aflatoxin will be produced, eventually leading to liver cancer.
Although fluorinated liver has little to do with food, the oil used for cooking produces polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at high temperatures.
If the kitchen is not well ventilated, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons will be rehabilitated by the human body and then on the food, increasing the risk of cancer.
Retinal diabetes increases the concentration of estrogen in the blood and accelerates the proliferation of diabetic cells.
Especially for menopausal women, a small number of cells are important places for estrogen production, so pay attention to weight control.
The study found that after many Japanese immigrated to the United States, the incidence of retinal was double when living in Japan, so diabetes is also related to westernization of diet.
Oral cancer eating betel nut, smoking, drinking will stimulate the mouth, causing cell variability, leading to oral cancer.
Gastric cancer Gastric cancer and intestinal cancer are the two most closely related cancers.
According to experts, the older generation has a high proportion of gastric cancer.
The reason is that old people eat more pickled foods, and younger eating habits are more westernized.
There are deficiencies in the eating habits of the two generations.
In addition, smoked or pickled meat, such as salted fish, sausage, bacon, etc., are prone to nitrosamines leading to gastric cancer, should be eaten less.
Prostate cancer Prostate cancer is a common cancer in men.
The study found that prostate cancer is associated with high-nutrition, high-residue foods, and reducing the number of vegetables can reduce the risk of illness.
How to prevent cancer in the elderly The elderly are high-risk populations, and the incidence of age-grouped tumors is gradually increasing.
The elderly should pay great attention to cancer diseases, and must not be numb.
Regular physical examination is very important.
The cure of tumors is generally found in the early stage, early detection, early treatment has a very good effect.
Once in the advanced stage, no matter how good the doctor is, there is no such thing as a return to heaven.
Therefore, the elderly should undergo regular medical examinations.
Physical examinations are required to perform routine examinations such as blood tests, urine tests, and special examinations for tumors.
It should be done every six months, because the discovery of tumors often takes a half-year cycle.
In this way, the tumor condition can be discovered in time and treated as soon as possible.
A reasonable diet is very important to prevent cancer.
It is a combination of nutrients and nutrients.
Always maintain a peace of mind, avoid anxious, get angry, and don’t be sulking, always use optimism, open-mindedness to live and behave, which can prevent tumors instead.
Regularly participate in physical exercise to enhance the body’s ability to resist disease.